In the forest regions, there is always a rural community or indigenous people living within the locality. (And Are They Compostable? Impacts caused by those crimes have a global reach. trade in illegally harvested timber is highly lucrative and estimated to be worth between USD $30 and USD $100 billion annually*. Find out more about the GFTN’s work in advancing sustainable forestry, WWF/GFTN Guide to Lesser Known Timber Species, Transforming markets: Better products start with you. What does the phrase ‘Nature’s Bounty’ mean? (And 5 Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), Is Denim Eco-Friendly? Illegal logging versus other drivers of forest loss 82 The extent of the illegal logging problem 83 The nature of illegal logging 85 Change over time 87 5.1.2 Wood-balance estimates of illegal logging 89 Brazil 90 Cameroon 91 Ghana 93 Indonesia 94 Malaysia 95 5.1.3 Summary conclusions – impacts on end goals 97 5.1.4 The causes and costs of observed reductions in illegal logging 99 Causes … Cause trees hold the soil to make it stronger and prevents land slide. Timber that is logged without payment of duties and taxes pushes down the market price of timber, which acts as an incentive for other loggers to follow the same practice. Illegal logging often takes place in countries with poor governance and law enforcement capacity, especially in tropical rainforests and the boreal forests in Russia’s Far East. Chatham House Report - Tackling illegal logging and the related trade: what progress and where next? Illegal logging exists because of increasing demand for timber, paper and derivative products, including packaging. We use cookies to analyse how visitors use our website and to help us provide the best possible experience for users. © 2021 . It can be as simple as volunteering a few hours per week, making monetary donations or funding campaigns to organizations such as the Forest Stewardship Council, Greenpeace, and the World Wildlife Fund. Illegal logging and related trade occurs when timber is harvested, transported, processed, bought or sold in violation of national or sub-national laws. Illegal logging contributes to deforestation and by extension global warming, causes loss of biodiversity, and undermines the rule of law.These illegal activities undermine responsible forest management, encourage corruption and tax evasion and reduce the income of the producer countries, further limiting the resources producer countries can invest in sustainable … In Liberia, the programme helped forest communities to negotiate fair contracts with logging companies to stop illegal deforestation, and a … Amazon deforestation: EU firms linked to illegal logging in Brazil "We are living in the first stages of an apocalypse," declared an alliance of indigenous peoples in French daily Le … 25% of Russia's timber exports originate from illegal logging. As custodians of our planet’s resources, it’s important for people to join the fight against illegal logging by offering donations or by volunteering. From food, shelter to fuel, it’s all obtained from the forest. Apart from the numerous environmental consequences of illegal logging, it can also weaken the economy of poor countries. Illegal loggingtakes away their traditional way of life and livelihoods. How Deforestation Affects Climate Change, Humans and Animals? Between August 2003 and 2004, the deforestation rate for the Amazon, the world’s largest tropical forest, was the second highest ever recorded. The environmental effects of illegal logging include deforestation, the loss of biodiversity and the emission of greenhouse gases. As much as big businesses, top government officials, and executives in the corporate world may take the matter of illegal logging less seriously for their own selfish gains and wealth accumulation, it is something that will ultimately affect the whole world. These communities or tribes are in most cases very poor and entirely depend on the forest for their needs and survival. Importers of illegal logs and the dependency of black wood in countries such as Japan, China, the US, and the EU make the problem even worse. The lives of indigenous communities and villagers living in proximity to the forests are usually destroyed in countless ways because of illegal logging. These communities or tribes are in most cases very poor and entirely depend on the forest for their needs and survival. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. Subjecting the lawbreakers to harsh penalties such as sentencing and huge fines can considerably aid in managing the problem. Why not help them protect the world's largest rainforest through the. Limited resources, weak institutions, and lax laws have contributed to inadequate law enforcement and the lack of proper land use management. (And Is It Bad For Environment), Are Solar Panels Recyclable? Flash flood can happen because trees sip the water and preventing it to harm people. Illegal logging is the harvesting of wood that is in violation of national regulations. Chris Taylor noticed an increase in loggers operating in hard-to-reach areas. More and more species are unable to survive as the practice denies the habitat the crucial natural interconnectedness. It involves the use of corrupt ways to reach the forests or protected areas, the harvesting or cutting down of the trees without approval, and selling them elsewhere or in black markets as timber. Examples of Illegal Logging Rates in Timber Producing Countries – In Indonesia it is estimated that up to 90 percent of logging is illegal. The reason why people illegally log is because they don' t want to pay for the land and fix it afterwards. (And Ways to Dispose of Them), Are Yogurt Cups Recyclable? Charcoal is used for heating and cooking in most developing countries and those who engage in the trade illegally cut down trees which are then used to make the charcoal. Research indicates that this rate is only comparable to the historical biodiversity loss caused by catastrophic events such as huge volcanic eruptions. (And 9 Ways to Reuse Old Photos), Are Aluminum Cans Recyclable? ), Can You Recycle Trophies? A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. June 4, 2019 June 4, 2019 Dr. Michael A. Bengwayan 1 Comment. © 2020 WWF - World Wide Fund For Nature© 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)® “WWF” is a WWF Registered Trademark Creative Commons license. eur-lex.europa.eu . Examples of extreme weather impacts include the wildfires in Portugal, heatwaves in phoenix, and extreme flooding in Miami beaches. Some may also illegally obtain wood from the forest and sell them to lumber mills. Other factors are the factors of poverty and employment factors. Some are even contradictory. As a result of this selective illegal logging certain endemic species are depleted from forests. Another aspect of illegal logging is ‘informal logging' that involves small-scale timber producers who may be operating illegally because of the challenges of complying with the law. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. Illegal logging can cause the destroying of ecosystems. Importance and Components of Agroforestry, Can You Recycle Propane Tanks? Illegal logging has contributed to conflicts with indigenous and local populations, violence, human rights abuses, corruption, funding of armed conflicts and the worsening of poverty. By using the military and the police to crush opposition and … It is approximated that the modern-day rate of extinction is in the range of 1 to 10 species annually. These are often large, long lived, seed producing trees. Despite the economic importance of trade in timber and forest products, major international timber consumer countries, such as the EU, have no legal means to halt the import of illegally sourced forest products, [4] because the identification of … "Logging at steep slopes can cause soil erosion which can be deposited in waterways," ANU soil erosion scientist Elle Bowd said. This can occur because parts of their national or local legislation are unclear or because compliance with the law is either too expensive or involves lengthy bureaucratic processes that are inaccessible … Poor living standards for indigenous populations, New Zealand Environment is At Stake, Reveals Eye-Opening Report, 5. Illegal logging is said to lower the prices of world timber in the ranges of 7% to 16% annually, causing a global revenue loss of about 15 billion US dollars per year. 3. The … These initiatives, therefore, provide the most outstanding global standards for the management of forest, and as consumers; it’s now upon us to be mindful when purchasing timber and its products. This further increases losses to governments and starts a vicious cycle in the market. What are the consequences … This causes US firms losses of at least US$460 million each year. Particularly, their tribal cultures are lost if the forest goes away and it also makes it difficult for them to forage which threatens their survival. Many translated example sentences containing "illegal logging" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. It creates room for businesses and individuals to deliberately over-harvest or take advantage of the legislation gaps. It can also happen when forests are cleared for plantations such as oil palm. In 2002, the World Bank estimated that illegal activities may account for one-tenth of the global timber … An oncoming car was forced to swerve onto the highway’s shoulder to avoid possible death. By Dr. Michael A. In this article, we focus on the underlying causes of illegal logging, its effects, and solutions to the pervasive problem. Causes of Illegal Logging 1. What about those picture frames? Rural Poverty. These communities or tribes are in most cases very poor and entirely depend on the forest for their needs and survival. While other people and countries may think that it only affects the producing countries, long-term climatic, economic, and environmental problems will affect most of the countries in the world. eur-lex.europa.eu. Illegal logging destroys trees that act as carbon sinks and climate regulators which play a significant role in global warming and climate change. From time to time, however, these groups and organizations experience challenges in terms of support, funding, or manpower. Aside from increasing the global temperatures, the practice also accounts for the reduction of the total forest cover area exposing most of the lands to high temperatures and extreme weather conditions. Illegal Logging in Amazon by National Geographic. Illegal logging is the problem because it leads to a poor economy in society because of the population is increasing each year and needs the expansion of a land. The extensive fragmentation and degradation of the forest have put more animal and plant species on the verge of extinction. (I accept), Working to sustain the natural world for the benefit of people and nature. Stewardship councils and programs can work as effective tools for managing forests by tracking timber harvesting, transportation, and sale. View our Cookie Policy. Causes of Illegal Logging 1. (And 10 Ways to Reuse Egg Shells), Why are Forests Important and 20+ Unbelievable Reasons For Loss of Forests. Forest loss as a result of illegal logging is a threat to biodiversity in forest habitats. Stricter legislation in all countries against illegal logging and the prohibition of importing illegal timber can go a long way in solving the problem. Conserve Energy Future. Furthermore, many countries have unclear and poor legal frameworks. This is now the … It involves the use of corrupt ways to reach the forests or protected areas, the harvesting or cutting down of the trees without approval and selling them elsewhere or in black markets as timber. ), Can You Recycle Lotion Bottles? Isa na dito mga tributaries leading to Cagayan River, long term rainfall that cause saturation of soil, not properly silted rivers and other factors,” he said. Such programs can also aid in protecting vulnerable forest areas from further degradation as a result of encroachments or conversion into farmlands. Most of their shelter construction materials are also sourced from the forest which has led to repeated illegal cutting down of trees to obtain timber. Furthermore, lower prices for forest products made from illegally harvested timber undermine fair competition and distort global markets. That's why it's critical to work closely with the timber industry to ensure they not only meet legal requirements, but take a step beyond to practice responsible forest management and trade. In poor countries, governments lose revenue from duties and taxes and other costs related to the management of illegal logging. Consequently, they are put in a situation where they source firewood for cooking and heating from the forest that encourages the practice of constant illegal logging. The reason for this is that illegal timber is normally cheaper compared to legal timber in black markets thereby denying legal operators competitive advantage. Further, since such villages experience harsh economic situations and considering that the forest is their only source of income, they often collude with illegal loggers for monetary gains. Illegal logging is the leading cause of forest degradation worldwide and contributes to global warming. Some also depend on the forest resources for income and as such, illegal logging withdraws their only source of income which makes them modern-day slaves and shadows of their real cultures. P. whereas illegal logging of tropical timber causes serious ecological, [...] economic and social damage not only in the countries [...] of origin but also in countries in temperate zones, since it gives rise to significant distortions on the market for wood products. (And 7 Ways to Reuse), Are Egg Shells Recyclable? The most common victims are trees and species whose natural habitat is the forest. From food, shelter to fuel, it’s all obtained from the forest. has estimated that illegal logging depresses world timber prices by between 7% and 16%, depending on the product. What does ‘fall-down’ mean in terms of logging in Canada? Illegal logging takes away their traditional way of life and livelihoods. Often local communities are ignored as their forests are cut around them. Not only are governments losing out today, but the loss of these valuable natural resources could … Besides, the losses are not only in terms of current revenue but may also lead to major economic ramifications in the future due to the degradation of valuable natural resources. Most states in regions such as Australia, Europe, USA, and Asia only prohibit illegal timber and timber products which are pronounced as not enough in the fight against illegal logging. Weaknesses and laxity in forest governance, 1. Illegal logging is not as prevalent as it was during the 1980s and 90s although it still occurs. All countries will feel the combined problems in the long-term, 2. Last Updated: June 17, 2020 References Illegal logging refers to any business practice in which trees are harvested or extracted without proper clearance or oversight. What are the consequences for an ecosystem when selective illegal logging removes all the seed-bearing trees of specific commercially-desirable species? Forest stewardship, motivated by a commercial interest in maintaining wood supply, can help protect vulnerable forests from illegal logging, encroachment or conversion to farmland. Governments lose money due to lost revenue from taxes and duties as well as the cost of managing illegal logging [2]. These issues combined leave so many gaps in forest management and governance and as such, it makes it hard for the formal systems to strictly enforce laws guarding against illegal logging. 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